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Health care added nearly $11 billion to Nashville economy in 2018

The health care industry added nearly $11 billion to Nashville’s economy in 2018, according to newly available county-level statistics from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).

Nashville’s health care industry accounted for $10.996 billion in value-added to Davidson County’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018, according to my analysis of BEA’s data, or about $1.50 out of every $10 in total economic value. Health care is 15.3% of total GDP in Davidson County, which ranks first among the largest 100 county economies in the U.S., followed by Bronx (15.1%), Nassau (14.8%), and Kings (13.0%) in New York.

Health care’s inflation-adjusted growth rate of 2.8% in 2018 trailed the Nashville economy overall (4.6%), but the industry’s real value has more than doubled since 2001. Of counties with a health care industry valued at $10 billion or more, only Maricopa, AZ (Phoenix), and Santa Clara, CA, surpassed Davidson’s real growth rate (105%) during 2001-2018.

County-level GDP data is an important milestone for federal statistics programs, especially for counties, like Davidson, belonging to very large metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), where parsing county-level trends is difficult. Jobs data has been available at the county level for a long time but provides only one indicator of local economic activity. Analysts have been lobbying for publicly available, county-level GDP data for quite some time.

So, on behalf of local analysts and economic developers everywhere, thanks to BEA for this important contribution to our understanding of local economies.